Ghana is one of the countries rich in resources, cultral heritage, food and tourist sites.Now, looking beyond,Ghana is rich and dynamic in their traditional dances, where it plays a vital role in their culture.
In Ghana there are various ethnic groups, where each and every group has its own way of dancing, how each move is interpreted with wonderful meanings, and historical backgrounds.These dances are performed mostly during durbars, funerals, festivals and coronation ceremonies.
Now looking at some of these Ghanaian dances, we have the ‘Adowa dance’, ‘Apatampa dance’, ‘Gome dance’, ‘Kete dance’, “Agbadze dance’, ‘Kpalongo dance’ and ‘Patsa dance’.
Here in Ghana, the biggest ethnic group is the Akan, where some of its people are the Asantes, Akyems, Fantes, Kwahus, Wassas, Akuapems and the Agons.Now,for this group the Asantes being the largest and often addressed as the “royals”, they have a common dance which is the ‘adowa dance’
The adowa dance is believed to have originated from the movements made by a sacrificial antelope,known in the Akan language as “Adowa”, and according to account this dance was first danced by the ‘Asafo warriors’ group from ancient time made of only men,now, its performed by both the male and female and also one of the famous dance that intrigue with lots of hand gestures, walking and bowings, then twisting of the body. These body movements are to communicate feelings and emotions to an audience. Happy gestures are performed during festivals, weddings while sad gestures are performed during funerals.
Hands go up in the air, with the left, going in a west direction, and the right, going in the East direction ,then, both hands comes down and create a knot on each other where in this process, one leg is dragging forward while the other is a bit at the back in a walking way, after the hands goes up in various directions for sometime, twisting of the hands come in as the leg movement still goes on with broad smiles and some facial expressions worn by dancers. Bending is also done with hands folded and placed at the abdomen, where this arts are done especially by the females as a sign of greetings to the honoured present.
In Addition, This royal dance is performed not just with any dress, but rather, traditional cloths ‘kente’, where females tie the ‘kente cloth’ on the chest level with another cloth, tied around the waist, with additional cloths, folded into two and placed in between the cloth around the waist,with beautiful beads around the neck, arms, wrists, knees and ankles, and a headwrap with a gold linen at the edge worn on their head with ‘ahenemaa’ a traditional slippers, also, with the males, their kente cloth tied around their waist with same beads around their neck and also an ‘ahenemaa’, although barefooted sometimes.All these displays how rich the ‘adowa dance’ is, as well as their culture.
In conclusion, this beautiful traditional dance and the others listed all tells how important the Ghanaian culture with its dances are , and tends to sell the country nationwide.